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Role of diet and Regular Exercise in
Hypertension, Glucose and Lipids Profile

Santos, R.; Freitas, J.; Castro, M.E.; Macedo, E.;
Monteiro, A.; Lima, J.M.; Teixeira, E.; Freitas, A. F.

Centro Estudos Função Autonómica, Oporto School Medicine,
Oporto School Pharmacy, Porto, Portugal

Introduction: Investigationational approaches have demonstrated that hypertension plays an importante role in atherogenesis. A minimum level of blood pressure is necessary for atherosclerosis to develop, even in the presence of hypercholesterolemia Control of risk factors by changes in lifestyle or by drugs has become the major strategy for primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis lesions.

Objective: The aim of the study was the evaluation the effect of a low caloric diet and regular aerobic exercise on systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, some lipids profile, waist-to-hip circumference (W/H) ratio and weight reduction.

   Patients and methods: Thirty-five obese BMI>27 Kg/m2 subjects, aged 38±12 years were studied. Anthropometrics parameters were measured before prescription of a low caloric diet adjusted to age, gender, physical activity and professional lifestyle. Implementation of aerobic exercise (40 minutes, 3 times for week) was performed as well. The average follow-up was 12±3 months. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) parameters were calculated non-invasively during 10 minutes by TNO® "modelflow" analysis applied to the Finapress arterial wave.

Results: Table 1, Table 2

Conclusion: Low caloric diet and regular exercise induced significant improvement in blood pressure control, weight reduction, glucose impairment and lipid profile.



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2nd Virtual Congress of Cardiology

Dr. Florencio Garófalo
Steering Committee
Dr. Raúl Bretal
Scientific Committee
Dr. Armando Pacher
Technical Committee - CETIFAC

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